The Kennel Club has approved a health programme for Dalmatians featuring a DNA test for the SLC2A9 gene associated with hyperuricosuria and urate stone disorder.
Hyperuricosuria is an inherited condition of dogs that commonly affects Dalmatians. Dogs with two copies of the SLC2A9 gene (one inherited from each parent) are predisposed to pass higher levels of uric acid in their urine. These increased levels can lead to crystals and stone structures forming in the urinary tract, which may cause infections, blood in the urine and blockage of the urethra.
The DNA test is particularly relevant to Dalmatian outcrosses and subsequent generations of progeny derived from such outcrosses.
Acceptance of results for this test by The Kennel Club, which has been developed in collaboration with Dalmatian breed clubs, is conditional upon the following test protocols:
- Dogs to be tested are microchipped and registered before a sample is taken.
- The sample (whether buccal swab, blood sample or other) is taken by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary nurse to confirm the microchip identity of the test subject and record both the microchip number and registration name on the sample container/package.
- The sample is sent by the veterinary surgery to the testing laboratory.
- The testing laboratory is approved by, or acceptable to, The Kennel Club.
Copies of all future test results issued by the following laboratories will be recorded, provided they comply with the above protocols:
- Animal DNA Diagnostics
- Animal Genetics
Breeding healthy dogs
Kennel Club secretary Caroline Kisko said: “The Kennel Club is constantly reviewing health programmes and testing schemes in conjunction with breed clubs to ensure the tools are in place for breeders to be able to continue breeding healthy dogs.
“We are pleased to be announcing this new health programme for Dalmatians, which will help breeders make informed decisions when it comes to breeding, enabling potential puppy buyers to be aware of issues which could affect their breed and, ultimately, further protect and maintain the health of Dalmatians.
Test results will be added to the dog’s registration details, which will trigger the publication of the result in the next available Breed Records Supplement. The result will appear on any new registration certificate issued for the dog, registration certificates of any progenies and the health test results finder on the Kennel Club website.
If the owner includes the original registration certificate for the dog, a new registration certificate will be issued, with the DNA results on it, free of charge. Send any DNA test certificates to Health and Breeder Services, The Kennel Club, Clarges Street, London W1J 8AB or email copies to email@example.com