June 2014

Cats with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may have concurrent low vitamin B12 levels (Tams, 2014). … more

2 mins

May 2014

There are no specific packed cell volume guidelines as to when to transfuse an animal … more

1 mins

Anaesthesia normally depresses laryngeal movements, making diagnosis of laryngeal paralysis challenging. The animal should be … more

Diagnosis of Lyme’s disease is challenging and normally depends on evidence of exposure along with … more

2 mins

April 2014

As a general guideline, 5-10 drops (depending on the dog’s size) of topical antimicrobial agent … more

Like primates, guinea pigs cannot produce their own vitamin C, so it must be supplied … more

The most common cause of regurgitation is reflux of acid from the stomach into the … more

1 mins

March 2014

Normal hepatic function is essential for conversion of ammonia to urea. Increasing resting ammonia concentration … more

Postoperative ileus (POI) is a transient bowel dysmotility that occurs following many types of operations … more

February 2014

Sticky bottom syndrome in rabbits is most often caused by feeding a badly balanced diet, … more

A common abnormality in canine dentition is retention of deciduous teeth. This occurs when the … more

2 mins

American cocker spaniels with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are often taurine deficient and responsive to taurine … more

The gravel sign is seen radiographically as multiple, variously sized mineral fragments in the stomach … more

January 2014

Peripheral neuropathy is the most common chronic complication of diabetes in cats. This degenerative disorder … more

Chinchillas have 20 teeth from birth – 4 incisors and 16 molars. Teeth are open-rooted … more

December 2013

Seasonal Canine Illness (SCI) is associated with dogs that have been walked in wooded areas … more

Thromboembolism is a severe uncommon complicating condition in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats. It can cause … more

November 2013

The prognosis of a cat with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is highly variable. Some cats may … more

Kennel cough is an infection of the upper respiratory tract of the dog, and can … more

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is such a strong oxidiser it is highly reactive. Due to its … more

1 mins