In the fourth and final part of his focus on ionised hypocalcaemia, Gerardo looks at the controversy regarding treatment of non-clinical cases and the prognostic indications of iCa concentrations.12 mins
Following his focus on the most common cause of clinical hypocalcaemia in cats and dogs, Gerardo takes a look at the clinical signs, treatment methods and the correction of calcium.12 mins
In the second of this three-part series, Gerardo Poli focuses specifically on the most common cause of clinical hypocalcaemia in feline and canine patients.
Gerardo Poli begins this three-part series by outlining the function of calcium, and common causes of low ionised calcium in cats and dogs.
Gerardo Poli discusses how to find the caudal vena cava – and interpret whether it is “fat”, “flat” or “bouncy” – to assess a patient’s fluid volume. Features video content.41 mins
Following his previous two blog entries on hyponatraemia, Tip of the Week author Gerardo Poli concludes the trilogy with a look at how to correct serum sodium concentrations.
Building on part one of his series on the clinical signs of hyponatraemia, Gerardo Poli looks at the different causes in both dogs and cats and basic treatment.
In a new three-part series, Gerardo Poli looks at this common disturbance, breaking it down into the clinical signs, causes and how he corrects it.
Following last week’s introduction on the effects and causes of hyperkalaemia, Gerardo Poli focuses on management options available.6 mins
Gerardo Poli discusses ways of educating owners of dogs that may suffer from stress and anxiety during Christmas gatherings – to ensure they stay away from the emergency room.
In a new series, Gerardo Poli explores the common causes of hyperkalaemia and how to manage this using fluid therapy and medications.
In the final part of his series on blood gas analysis, Gerardo Poli explains how to determine both oxygenation ability and adequacy of ventilation in patients with respiratory compromise.
Tip of the Week author Gerardo Poli explains how to determine whether a true compensatory response is present and how to rule out the presence of a secondary disorder.8 mins
In the fifth part of this extended focus on blood gas analysis, Gerardo Poli explains how to rule out the differential causes of either respiratory or metabolic acidosis/alkalosis.
Continuing his focus on blood gas analysis, emergency veterinary surgeon Gerardo Poli discusses PCO2 levels and explains how to determine the cause of respiratory acidosis and alkalosis.
In the third part of this series, Gerardo Poli explains how the direction of pH shift helps determine the primary disease process and whether a secondary disorder is also present.
Gerardo Poli follows last week’s introduction of blood gas analysis by looking at acid-base disturbances – discussing acidaemia and alkalaemia, their clinical signs and buffering systems that help maintain normal blood pH levels.5 mins
In the first of a new series, Gerardo introduces the uninitiated to blood gas analysis, a point-of-care test that can help assess the severity of a patient's condition and help guide your diagnostic plan.
Gerardo Poli follows last week’s explanation of what the curve means by discussing how it indicates a change in haemoglobin’s affinity for oxygen, as well as contributory factors.
By focusing on the graph of a typical, healthy individual, Gerardo Poli demonstrates how the curve is a graphical representation of the movement of oxygen around different parts of the body.