Badgers incursions are being caught on film as part of research to help prevent the spread of bovine TB. In some cases farmers have no idea that badgers are entering their buildings.
Badgers are being caught on camera raiding food stores at farms as part of research to help prevent the spread of bovine tuberculois (bTB) between badgers and cattle.
Surveillance cameras installed on 75 farms in the south-west of England have captured footage of badgers visiting farms a part of the Farm Assessment Toolkit project by the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) to help farmers take steps to “badger-proof” farm buildings and reduce the risk of tb spreading from wildlife to their herds.
Ian Vernon, from the AHVLA wildlife team, said: “We had a fantastic take-up from our volunteer farms and we’ve spent the last few months installing cameras – the final ones will be going up in August.
“We’re also starting to conduct individual surveys to understand badger activity near the farm buildings and to record details of farming practices and landscape features.”
The cameras count the number of badger visits to buildings over a four week period, helping the AHVLA to develop a method to assess the risk of badger visits to any given farm, as well as to feed back to the individual farmers involved.
Mr Vernon said: “In some cases farmers have had no idea badgers are entering their buildings. On one of the farms from last year’s surveillance the cameras picked up images of badgers frequently visiting the feed store by squeezing under the gate. The farmer was able to fix a piece of wood to the bottom of the gate to prevent this.
“Ultimately, the study will help farmers consider whether to install biosecurity measures for their farms.”
AHVLA is now writing to farmers with the results of the surveillance so they can consider additional measures such as secure gates and lockable feed bins to help protect areas which are susceptible to wildlife visits.
Further footage, showing just how persistent badgers can be in trying to get access to buildings and fields, has been captured as part of a separate project run by the South West TB Farm Advisory Service.
The service has been filming badgers as part of a project with Bicton College in Devon to test badger-proof equipment, such as fences and feed bins.
One determined badgers was filmed accessing a field to use a latrine by squeezing through a 10.5cm gap between gate and post. Following further adjustments to the gate, the badger was unable to gain access – although it continued to try for more than two hours.
Anthony Pope, lead advisor for the advisory service said: “The determination of badgers to enter the enclosure was quite astounding and highlights the challenge farmers have in keeping them from accessing different areas of their farms.
“We hope that the project will inspire people to come up with new ideas for future badger-proof equipment to reduce contact between badgers and livestock and reduce the risk of spreading bovine TB from badgers to cattle.”
- For further information, visit the South West TB Farm Advisory Service website.