Vets are being made aware of a case of zoonotic Brucella canis in a rescue dog imported into the UK from Serbia/Romania.

The male entire dog was examined at the University of Glasgow Small Animal Hospital where it proved serologically positive for Brucella canis.

Consistent signs

Brucella canis
Gram-stained photomicrograph depicting numerous Gram-negative Brucella canis bacteria, which is known to cause brucellosis in dogs.

The animal came into the country through a rescue service at the age of seven months.

Soon after arrival, it started to demonstrate signs consistent with bilateral uveitis and lymphadenopathy, with a waxing and waning course for the next three months prior to referral.

Testing for Leishmania, various tick-borne diseases, Leptospira and Toxoplasma had proved negative.

Treatment with doxycycline was started while results were pending and the lymphadenopathy resolved.

While no obvious orchitis was noted on initial clinical examination the owners reported a reduction in testicular size following antibiotic therapy.

Reportable

In a letter, joint authors Gerard McLauchlan, George Peplinski, Susanna Spence and Colin Bruce from the School of Veterinary Medicine Small Animal Hospital, stated: “While Brucella canis is not a notifiable disease in the UK, it is reportable following laboratory confirmation.

“Following discussions with the owners regarding the potential implications of the diagnosis of Brucellosis, the patient was euthanased.

“Given the recent increase in importation of dogs from countries with a known prevalence of Brucella canis this is yet another zoonotic disease we should consider or even routinely screen for in appropriate cases.”

View your activity >

Leave a Reply

Be the First to Comment!

Notify of
avatar

wpDiscuz

related content

Tickets remain for this year’s Cx Congress at the East Midlands Conference Centre on 17 June.

2 mins

A study of dog DNA has revealed a genetic mutation linked to flat face shapes, such as those seen in pugs and bulldogs.

2 mins

Nick Marsh welcomes the trend towards greater specialism in veterinary medicine, but champions the importance (and hard work) of "jack of all trades" general practitioners.

14 mins

Veterinary experts, doctors and scientists have come together in a one health coalition to drive the acquisition of knowledge into one of the UK’s most baffling and lethal canine diseases.

4 mins

Heart rate variability is an established risk factor for mortality in both healthy dogs and animals with heart failure, according to a study.

2 mins

A vet whose research established diabetes mellitus (DM) in one-in-four UK cats is caused by a pituitary gland tumour has begun a collaboration with human medical experts that has potentially “huge” health implications.

5 mins